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马克·库班看好即将到来的以太坊“合并”

马克·库班看好即将到来的以太坊“合并”

TAYLOR LOCKE 2022-04-09
他认为,升级对加密货币非常重要。

世界上使用最多的区块链即将进行大规模升级,此次升级将改变其基础设施,使其更加绿色环保,投资者们相当期待,亿万富翁和著名的加密货币支持者马克·库班(Mark Cuban)就是其中之一。

在所谓的“合并”中,以太坊计划从工作量证明模式转变为权益证明。尽管时间表尚未确定,但开发人员预测合并将在今年夏天进行。

合并后,以太坊的加密货币挖矿将被淘汰,继而大幅降低以太坊对环境的影响。预计以太币的发行量会减少,因此,新以太币的供应也可能会下降。此外,区块链防范潜在攻击的安全性应该会得到改善。流向以太坊网络的机构投资也有望增加。

当被问及合并后将产生的拟议变化时,马克·库班告诉《财富》杂志,“我非常看好。”

对马克·库班来说,合并之所以重要,有两个关键原因。

首先,他提到了以太坊转向权益证明的重要性。

以太坊目前依赖于所谓的工作量证明,在这种情况下,矿工必须完成复杂的难题才能验证交易。这个过程需要大量的算力,而且由于其对环境的影响而经常受到诟病。

借助规划中的升级,以太坊将转而使用权益证明模式,用户将根据其贡献或质押的代币量来验证交易。作为对质押更多代币的回报,用户获选在网络上验证交易并获取奖励的概率更高。

当前,以太坊同时运营工作量证明和权益证明两条链。尽管这两条链都有验证器,但当前处理用户交易的只有工作量证明链。一旦合并完成,以太坊的区块链将全面转至权益证明链,即信标链(Beacon Chain),同时淘汰挖矿。

因此,预计以太坊的能源消耗将减少99%。

其次,马克·库班表示他对合并后以太币的发行量减少,以及如何"使以太币出现通货紧缩"感兴趣。

他指的是预计以太币的发行量会减少,因此,合并后以太币的供应也可能会下降。

区块链分析公司IntoTheBlock在其通讯中写道:“合并后,预计以太币的发行量将下降90%,这将导致费用大幅减少,使得以太币的供应每年减少多达5%。”

如果需求随着供应减少而增加,那么以太币的价格可能会上涨。但我们不可能预测出任何资产的未来价格。

尽管如此,一些人认为,在合并后,以太币可能会成为一种通货紧缩资产,或者供应量下降的资产,因此可以保值。比特币已经被认为是这样的避险资产。

马克·库班向《财富》杂志证实,他没有在信标链上投资任何资金,尽管他确实拥有以太币以及基于以太坊的非同质化代币 (NFT)。他还投资了许多建立在以太坊基础上、希望扩大规模或与以太坊进行互动的公司。

作为一个自称为以太坊极致主义者的人,马克·库班经常谈到他为什么喜欢区块链。对他来说,这主要归功于以太坊的智能合约,或在区块链上运行并执行协议的代码集合。

他在2021年3月表示:“真正改变一切的是智能合约。智能合约的出现,创造了DeFi [或称去中心化金融项目]和NFT[或称不可替代的代币]。这就是游戏改变的原因。这就是我为什么这么激动的原因。这就是为什么它很像互联网。”(财富中文网)

译者:ZHY

世界上使用最多的区块链即将进行大规模升级,此次升级将改变其基础设施,使其更加绿色环保,投资者们相当期待,亿万富翁和著名的加密货币支持者马克·库班(Mark Cuban)就是其中之一。

在所谓的“合并”中,以太坊计划从工作量证明模式转变为权益证明。尽管时间表尚未确定,但开发人员预测合并将在今年夏天进行。

合并后,以太坊的加密货币挖矿将被淘汰,继而大幅降低以太坊对环境的影响。预计以太币的发行量会减少,因此,新以太币的供应也可能会下降。此外,区块链防范潜在攻击的安全性应该会得到改善。流向以太坊网络的机构投资也有望增加。

当被问及合并后将产生的拟议变化时,马克·库班告诉《财富》杂志,“我非常看好。”

对马克·库班来说,合并之所以重要,有两个关键原因。

首先,他提到了以太坊转向权益证明的重要性。

以太坊目前依赖于所谓的工作量证明,在这种情况下,矿工必须完成复杂的难题才能验证交易。这个过程需要大量的算力,而且由于其对环境的影响而经常受到诟病。

借助规划中的升级,以太坊将转而使用权益证明模式,用户将根据其贡献或质押的代币量来验证交易。作为对质押更多代币的回报,用户获选在网络上验证交易并获取奖励的概率更高。

当前,以太坊同时运营工作量证明和权益证明两条链。尽管这两条链都有验证器,但当前处理用户交易的只有工作量证明链。一旦合并完成,以太坊的区块链将全面转至权益证明链,即信标链(Beacon Chain),同时淘汰挖矿。

因此,预计以太坊的能源消耗将减少99%。

其次,马克·库班表示他对合并后以太币的发行量减少,以及如何"使以太币出现通货紧缩"感兴趣。

他指的是预计以太币的发行量会减少,因此,合并后以太币的供应也可能会下降。

区块链分析公司IntoTheBlock在其通讯中写道:“合并后,预计以太币的发行量将下降90%,这将导致费用大幅减少,使得以太币的供应每年减少多达5%。”

如果需求随着供应减少而增加,那么以太币的价格可能会上涨。但我们不可能预测出任何资产的未来价格。

尽管如此,一些人认为,在合并后,以太币可能会成为一种通货紧缩资产,或者供应量下降的资产,因此可以保值。比特币已经被认为是这样的避险资产。

马克·库班向《财富》杂志证实,他没有在信标链上投资任何资金,尽管他确实拥有以太币以及基于以太坊的非同质化代币 (NFT)。他还投资了许多建立在以太坊基础上、希望扩大规模或与以太坊进行互动的公司。

作为一个自称为以太坊极致主义者的人,马克·库班经常谈到他为什么喜欢区块链。对他来说,这主要归功于以太坊的智能合约,或在区块链上运行并执行协议的代码集合。

他在2021年3月表示:“真正改变一切的是智能合约。智能合约的出现,创造了DeFi [或称去中心化金融项目]和NFT[或称不可替代的代币]。这就是游戏改变的原因。这就是我为什么这么激动的原因。这就是为什么它很像互联网。”(财富中文网)

译者:ZHY

Investors await as the world’s most-used blockchain nears a massive upgrade that will change its infrastructure and make it more green. One of them is billionaire and noted crypto supporter Mark Cuban.

In what’s called the “merge,” Ethereum plans to shift from a proof-of-work model to proof of stake. Though the timeline isn’t confirmed yet, developers predict that the merge will happen this summer.

After the merge, Ethereum’s crypto mining would become obsolete, which would substantially reduce Ethereum’s environmental impact. The supply of new Ether would also likely decline, because fewer coins are expected to be issued. Additionally, blockchain security against potential attack is supposed to improve. And institutional investment in the Ethereum network is expected to increase.

Asked about the proposed changes planned to result from the merge, Cuban told Fortune, “I'm very bullish.”

To Cuban, the merge is important for two key reasons.

First, he mentioned the importance of Ethereum going to proof of stake.

Ethereum currently relies on what’s known as proof of work, under which miners must complete complex puzzles to validate transactions. This process requires a huge amount of computer power and is often criticized due to its environmental impact.

With the planned upgrade to proof of stake, users would be able to validate transactions according to how many coins they contribute, or stake. In return for staking more coins, users have a higher likelihood of being chosen to validate transactions on the network and earn a reward.

Currently, Ethereum has both proof-of-work and proof-of-stake chains running in parallel. While both have validators, only the proof-of-work chain currently processes users’ transactions. Once the merge is complete, Ethereum's blockchain will shift fully to the proof-of-stake chain, called the Beacon Chain, making mining obsolete.

As a result, it’s predicted that Ethereum’s energy consumption will be cut by 99%.

Second, Cuban said he’s interested in less Ether issuance after the merge, and how “that will possibly make it deflationary.”

By this, he’s referring to how the supply of Ether is also expected to decline post-merge, because fewer coins are expected to be issued.

"Following the merge, the amount of ETH issued is projected to drop by 90%, which would lead similar levels of fees to reduce Ether’s supply by as much as 5% a year," blockchain analytics firm IntoTheBlock wrote in its newsletter.

If demand increases as the supply declines, the price of Ether may rise. But it’s impossible to predict the future price of any asset.

Nonetheless, some think Ether may become a deflationary asset, or one with declining supply that can be used as a store of value, after the merge. Bitcoin is already considered such a safe haven.

Cuban confirmed to Fortune that he doesn’t have any money invested in the Beacon Chain, although he does own Ether, along with Ethereum-based non-fungible tokens (NFTs). He has also invested in many companies building on, looking to scale, or interact with Ethereum.

Being a self-proclaimed Ethereum maximalist, Cuban has frequently spoken about why he loves the blockchain. For him, it’s mostly due to Ethereum’s smart contracts, or collections of code that run on the blockchain and execute agreements.

“What really changed everything was smart contracts,” he said in March 2021. “Smart contracts came along, and that created DeFi [or decentralized finance] and NFTs [or non-fungible tokens]. That’s what changed the game. That’s what got me excited. That’s why it’s a lot like the internet.”

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